Introduction and Background. Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) Hair Transplant is a fut hair transplant process in which follicular units are taken out from areas where hair growth is stronger (donor) and then fixed at the area where hair is thinning (recipient). Masumi Inaba of Japan was the first to describe this process in 1988 to the world. Dr Ray Woods of Australia used it on a patient in 1989, however, he had to wait till 1998 for his first successful case of FUE. The first medical literature on this was made by William R. Rassman and Robert M. Bernstein in 2002.
Procedure. The transplant is accomplished in following steps:-
1.) Donor area is identified and then prepared by trimming surrounding hair to locate healthy hair for use.
2.) The hair follicles are removed from donor areas.
3.) Follicles are placed in groups to increase density.
4.) The follicle groups are placed at the recipient area in a natural way.
Effect. After the procedure is complete, the small incisions made will heal in a few days’ time. The hair growth can be noticed in about 3 months time. However, significant regrowth is noticeable only after 6 months.
Comparison with FUT. Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) is a process in which larger strips of hair are relocated. Following points are presented as a comparison between FUE and FUT:-
1.) Pros of FUE.
(a) Faster patient recovery.
(b) Lesser post surgery/graft discomfort.
(c) Gives more flexibility to the surgeon to make the hair growth look more natural.
2.) Cons of FUE.
(a) Follicles have lesser hair and higher chances of dying down during transaction.
(b) The problem of buried follicles is common.
(c) It is more expensive.
Conclusion. FUE gives a more natural looking alternative to the patient. It has its own advantages and disadvantages as compared to FUT. Therefore, a patient may chose the best suited process based on his/her situation.